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ҹԡ

Դԡ ҧ ҹö¹ ԧǡԹҧǨǧѹԡ )

ҧԡ
ҧԴѹҪè͹ͧ A A2+ B B2+ Ҫ 2 оҹ͹֧ѹ ǴҡͧҡѺŵ (volt meter) ʴҧͧ硵͹ дԡʴ硵͹

ҡٻͧŵҡ A ѧ B ʴ硵͹ҡ A ѧ B ͧҺ
1. ǡź
1.1 ǡ 硵͹˹ e B
1.2 ź 硵͹˹ҡ e ͡ A
2. ⹴ (Anode) ⷴ (Cathode)
2.1 ⹴ Դԡ͡പѹ A e
2.2 Դԡѡѹ B Ѻ e
3. ἹҾԡ ¹ѧ
3.1 ¹ҧ ҧ ҧоҹ͹ ͧ || //
3.2 Ѻⷴ¹ôشش ҧѯҤѹͧ /
3.3 Һ¹кǧ
3.4 ҫкѹŧǧ

ҧ ¹Ҿ
1. A | A2+(aq) || B2+(aq) | B A | A2+ || B2+ | B
2. Zn | Zn2+(0.1 M) || Cu2+(0.1 M) | Cu
3. Pt | H2(1 atm) | H+(1 M) || Cu2+ | Cu(s)

4. ԡԴ
ԡ
4.1 ⹴ Դԡ Oxidation
4.2 ⷴ Դԡ Reduction
ԡ ԡ Redox
5. ʴԡ
ʴԡ
⹴ (Oxidation) A ----> A2+ + 2e ........(1)
ⷴ (Reduction) B2+ + 2e ------> B ........(2)
ʴ Redox ( e ) (1) + (2)

6. 硵͹¡մǫ A > B
7. ԧ硵͹͡ B2+ > A2+
8. ѡ٧ ѡǡ٧ѡź B > A ѧ ҡ B ѧ A ǹҧѺ͹ͧ硵͹
ҧѡ = ѡǡ - ѡź
9. дԡóѡͧѹ